Study: Construction Technology Trends

A 2017 survey of 158 construction industry professionals

Last Updated: August 29th, 2023
Researched and Written by: David Budiac

We speak with a wide range of contractors and construction companies to help in their technology sourcing decisions with construction software. These regular discussions help us spot construction tech trends (mostly in United States and Canada).

In September 2017, we surveyed 158 construction industry professionals from small to midsize (SMB) businesses in North America about their current technology and software uses–as well as future plans.

Our key findings:

  • Expect drones to be commonplace. 26% of SMB construction professionals are already using or plan to use by 2020.
  • Expect larger tech budgets. 81% of respondents plan to spend more on technology over the coming year compared to last.
  • Project tracking, estimating, and job costing are the most commonly required software functions.
  • Software ease-of-use is king. Cited as the most important factor when purchasing new software; even over software functionality and cost.
  • Construction software buyers are more willing to review cloud-hosted software. 5% more than all other industries.

We asked construction businesses about new tools they are using. Drones and autonomous equipment are the clear leaders.

Chart of adoption rates for drones, autonomous equipment, AR/VR, and 3D printing in the construction industry

Drones emerged as the leading trend. Nearly one in five (18 percent) of SMB construction professionals are currently using drones for photogrammetry and mapping.

Drone technology is capable of dramatically reducing time and resources needed for such tasks: For instance, while a traditional surveyor would spend up to a month to survey a construction job site in detail, a construction company called Identified Technologies uses self-flying drones to complete the same work within minutes, greatly expediting project timeframes and reducing physical labor costs.

Goldman Sachs estimates that the construction industry will adopt drone usage more rapidly than any other commercial industry. Looking ahead, nine percent of our survey respondents say they will implement drone use in the coming three years.

Chart of budgets for drone tech, industry-by-industry

The construction industry is adopting robots and autonomous equipment at a similar rate to drones.

Twenty four percent of construction industry professionals say they will implement autonomous equipment by 2020. Self-driving equipment bring a number of benefits such as reduced costs, increased uptime, and even saving lives. In fact, 21.4 percent of worker fatalities in private industry in 2015 were in construction.

The buzz surrounding virtual reality is evident in the construction industry; it was named by Construction Dive as one of the top 10 construction industry trends to watch in 2017. Yet despite all the potentials offered–improved collaboration, 3D modeling, as well as increased worker safety–the technology remains fairly cost-prohibitive.

Only a relatively small percentage of respondents said they are using augmented or virtual reality (six percent). That said, in the coming three years, 10 percent will begin to use augmented or virtual reality tools.

4 3D Printing

3D printing had the lowest adoption rate in the survey. Only four percent of contractors use the technology today, and an additional seven percent plan to adopt it by 2020.

Tech Budgets

Technology spending is projected to rise. Eighty-two percent plan to spend the same or more over the next year.

Chart of construction tech budgets over the next year

Some budget will be allocated to new tech discussed above. However, in just the next 12 months, two out of five (41 percent) of respondents say they plan to buy or upgrade their construction management software (CMS).

2 out of 5 SMB construction businesses plan to buy or upgrade their construction management software in the next 12 months

Since construction software is in demand, let’s look at what professionals need out of their software.

Construction Management Software

SMB construction professionals want a lot out of their software. When assessing their options, the majority of SMB construction professionals are looking for features related to project tracking (73 percent), job costing (72 percent), and project estimating (66 percent).

Chart of most popular features in construction management software

Still, functionality is only one factor when it comes to investing in new technology–respondents cited "ease of use " (37 percent) as the most important purchase consideration, even over functionality and cost. As construction companies often need to train staff and contractors across many field sites, it’s crucial that they can quickly train and onboard new users in any technology that’s used in widespread operations.

Chart of most important purchasing considerations for construction software

Construction Software Adoption

The majority of SMB construction professionals use construction management software (56 percent). Unsurprisingly, construction management software users are much less likely to rely on manual methods for business operations (spreadsheets, pen, and paper).

Chart comparing how frequently construction software users vs non-users rely on manual methods to run operations

However, even when construction companies do invest in technologies, they often run into problems that may prevent widespread adoption within the company. Most commonly, the challenges they face include:

  • Insufficient commitment of resources. While companies may initially invest in technologies, they don’t always plan a sustainable, long-term budget to manage and update the technology and train staff on its usage. As a result, ROI is lower than expected, and companies don’t maintain the commitment.

  • Obstacles in large-scale implementation. While a technology initiative may be a high priority in the head office, field staff and contractors are not always sufficiently trained in the tool’s usage and importance. Even if they are trained in the technology, crew members may consider the tools a hindrance to their established methods of labor. Construction professionals are demanding software ease-of-use likely to help bridge this gap.

  • Incompatibility with legacy systems. Construction companies often have an established technology framework for planning, modeling, and managing jobs, and their legacy systems may not be compatible with new integrations. As a result, such implementations are delayed until the point that it makes sense to replace the legacy tools.

A 2016 study from the UK-based BRE Academy found that a digital skills gap was a significant cause of concern, with respondents claiming that management skills were lacking at both an industry- and organization-wide level.

More than two-thirds of respondents to the BRE study said that institutions should do more to promote the technical and digital aspects of the industry. In the coming years, it’s clear that hiring employees with the ability to engage with technology tools in the construction field will be a key differentiator for leading companies.

Cloud Software

With every firm we speak to, we ask if they’re “open to reviewing cloud/hosted software”. The proportion has changed over the years. As of late, construction businesses are especially open to cloud hosted software (typically 5% more likely than other industries).

Open to cloud software 2017 2016 2015
Construction 87% 84% 78%
All other industries 82% 79% 77%

Why are construction companies more likely to look for cloud software? Perhaps due to changing job sites, or the need for mobile tech.

Mobile Tech

Fifty-eight percent of SMB construction professionals say their business at least “sometimes” relies on mobile or tablet-based applications. Also unsurprising, hosted/cloud software users were more likely to depend on mobile.

Chart illustrating how frequently hosted software users use mobile apps vs. non-hosted software users

Hosted software and mobile tech go together like two peas in a pod. Especially when you throw in multiple devices and real-time reporting.

But how are contractors using mobile? Sage found the most common use cases included daily field reports, customer / job information, document management, job cost reports, and scheduling.

Chart detailing the most common use cases for mobile software in construction

BIM Software

Fifty-one percent of respondents currently use BIM software (building information modeling), but more than half (59 percent) of BIM adopters report that they are less than thrilled with their software.

Chart of BIM software satisfaction rates

In some cases, the dissatisfaction may be based on the respondents’ lack of commitment to engaging with the BIM tool and encouraging widespread adoption throughout the company.

The McGraw-Hill Construction Report found that the more invested construction professionals were in making BIM software a key part of their processes, the more ROI they saw from the tool. According to their stats, just 13 percent of BIM users demonstrated very high engagement with the software–but 65 percent of this select subgroup saw ROI of 25 percent or higher on the software, as compared to just 20 percent of less engaged users. Of the less engaged group, two-thirds had negative or break-even returns on their BIM investment.


Conducted in September 2017, the “Construction Industry Technology Trends Report” is based on a survey completed by 158 construction industry professionals from small and medium-sized businesses (SMB) in North America. The bulk of respondents came from the United States and 97 percent from companies with fewer than 500 employees.

Company size demographics chart of construction companies surveyed
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