Maintenance, Repair, and Operations (MRO) inventory refers to all items necessary for maintenance work and day-to-day operations. Also known as stock control, MRO ensures accurate inventory counts of consumable materials to reduce maintenance downtime and related costs.
MRO inventory is all inventory related to daily operations, onsite repair work, and maintenance tasks. This can range from typical office supplies to highly specialized replacement parts. MRO inventory depends on timely procurement processes to ensure that enough material is ordered for continual operations.
MRO inventory can increase accuracy by letting businesses know which items are over/understocked and only ordering what is necessary. Well-stocked MRO inventory can increase productivity, since maintenance teams won't have to wait for replacement parts to arrive whenever repairs are needed. Instead, they can simply select from the available stock and get to work.
With a well-maintained MRO inventory, businesses can lower operating costs by only ordering materials when they are needed. Purchasing too many spare parts in advance can lead to overstock and overflowing storage spaces. It can also result in unnecessary expenses if the material never gets used. MRO uses continual counting to determine which items get used the most and which items need to be replaced most frequently.
Many materials can be considered MRO. It all depends on what the business needs during day-to-day operations. A few examples include:
Each type of MRO is equally critical to the success of a business. For example, imagine a manufacturing plant. The raw materials needed for production are obviously vital to daily operations, but the ballpoint pens the managers use to sign contracts with suppliers are also important. MRO manages all these materials to prevent shortages and keep work moving.
The success of MRO is possible with the streamlined management of business resources, from pens and paper to production machinery and raw materials. However, it can still be improved by following these best practices:
To establish MRO inventory, start by identifying which materials are the most important to operations and maintenance. The materials that are absolutely necessary for daily work processes should always be on hand. Then, less essential items should be prioritized down to the items which aren't as critical to operations.
Continual stock counts provide a clear overview of what's in stock, what's low, and what's out. It can also ensure that materials are kept in good condition and ready for immediate use. This applies more to repair materials and safety equipment than traditional office supplies, but it's still helpful for MRO inventory in general.
Having an item in stock is useless if no one knows where it is located. Warehouses, stockrooms, custodial closets, and other storage areas should be kept organized and clean. Misplaced materials can lead to unnecessary replenishment orders.
Item movement needs to be recorded as well. If someone takes material from the shared stock, it needs to be monitored in some way so that the items aren't lost or misplaced. This could be as simple as utilizing a signout sheet or detailing item movement through spreadsheets and software.
MRO can be managed with several types of software, both specialized and those meant for standard inventory management. A few popular options include:
Some industry-specific solutions, like manufacturing software, also include tools for managing MRO inventory.
Knowing whether or not MRO is working depends on several key performance indicators (KPIs), such as:
The main challenges of maintaining MRO inventory include:
Following established MRO best practices can ease these challenges and help businesses to manage inventory better.
What does MRO stand for? MRO refers to Maintenance, Repair, and Operations and the materials used for those activities.
What are MRO materials? MRO materials include any product which is used in the course of maintenance, repair, or daily operations at a business. This ranges from typical office supplies to replacement parts of heavy machinery.
Any inventory that isn't directly used in the production of a good or service can be considered MRO.
What does MRO mean in procurement? In procurement, MRO refers to all inventory which is not directly related to production. Known as indirect purchases, they are items procured for daily operations or maintenance.
For example, an office printer which is used for printing out purchase orders would be classified as MRO, as would the paper and ink. Procurement would be in charge of buying a new printer or reordering the related consumables.