Retail inventory software manages the stock and merchandise across multiple stores, eCommerce operations, catalog orders, and marketplaces. Today’s retailers may have a variety of locations while also selling on online platforms such as Amazon or even their own web store. This means inventory will need to be coordinated to reflect on-hand quantities in real-time across all of your sales channels.
Inventory management software specific to the retail industry helps your retail business allocate merchandise to stores, plan assortments per store, stock inventory received from purchase orders, pull stock for sales orders, transfer items between multiple stores, process returns, and manage a variety of different styles, brands, and more.
Outside of these retail-specific needs, retail inventory management software will also provide location analytics, inventory forecasting, procurement, stock replenishment, and more. These features combined with the use of point of sale software will increase efficiency and reduce inventory overhead, expedite fulfillment, categorize your inventory, and forecast inventory to better visualize your profits.
Retail inventory systems can be purchased as a standalone system to use alongside accounting software or ERP software, or it may be an included application within a larger retail management system. However your business receives the capability, you’ll want to make sure you have the ability to track and access critical product information. This includes item titles, SKU numbers, product descriptions, supplier SKUs, stock counts, item locations, and pricing. Product configuration is a common need for retailers, so the ability to customize additional product features is something most retailers will look into, along with traceability features such as barcoding and lot tracking.
The top benefits of retail inventory software include:
One of the reasons inventory tracking software was created in the first place was to not only keep a record of all purchases and goods on hand but to store info on both the purchase price and the retail price (the price the product is eventually sold at). Retail inventory software is no different, as it will deduct the sales of products from the initial value plus the retail value of the purchases–creating a cost-to-retail-price ratio. This figure will change dramatically depending on price fluctuations, which can happen frequently in the retail industry.
Once your inventory costs are under control, you’ll have more confidence in your inventory control records. Linking your inventory records to your sales will provide each store with the units on hand against the number purchased–providing stores with data about how many units they’ve sold, and how many they can still sell based on availability.
Moving forward with a retail inventory management system will greatly improve your accuracy over manual methods such as Excel. In manual methods, the painstaking task of combing data from purchase orders and sales reports means your staff spends valuable time with labor-intensive tasks that are prone to errors. The consequences can be dire, as incorrect counts can result in running out of stock and lead to lost sales. The level of automation provided by a retail inventory solution will provide greater insight into what should be on hand.
A commonly undervalued feature of most inventory software, let alone retail inventory software, is the ability to forecast. A retail inventory system will let you generate reports based on past sales–letting you anticipate when customer demand will rise for specific items. This will help your business make more timely and informed purchasing decisions, allowing you to maximize your inventory space and always avoid having “too much” (preventing other products from being in stock) or “too little” (preventing timely sales from being made without a reorder).
Proper forecasting also allows you to create precise stock reports to compare stock volumes and time the best reorder points. Along with real-time report generation, retail inventory software can keep track of stock levels to avoid theft. As recently as 2015, retailers in the US reported losing $60 Billion a year to shrinkage, with 38% of respondents stating employee theft was one of the biggest reasons for the loss.
When choosing suppliers, you’ll need to consider price, product quality, reputation, and efficiency. Your vendor’s relationship with you is key, as their effectiveness will also affect your company’s reputation based on how quickly you can get new inventory in stock and meet the demands of your customers.
A retail inventory management software will have the ability to sort through and review data from your specific vendors. This view will let you navigate through their price, product quality, reputation, and how efficient and timely they have been with their orders. You may also use a vendor management tool within the retail inventory software to store data on vendor prospects, and contact particular vendors if your current ones are falling short. Better yet, you may be able to keep their price details on file and order from them if your current vendor increases their rates.
The type of retail inventory software your business needs will depend on the size of your business, the scope of your operations, and the level of functionality required.
Small retail businesses (usually with less than 5 stores) will usually struggle to answer the question of when will items sell out and when is the best point to restock products (establish reorder points). Small businesses likely have no idea about the true costs of storing products that are not selling.
Retail inventory management software for small businesses usually replaces a manual method, such as the use of spreadsheets (Excel or Google Sheets). These manual methods are very time-consuming, so automation and organization are the biggest driving factors in the decision-making process for a small business. Small businesses will also care about costs–preferring software that is affordable and provides value. Otherwise, the small business may find the time investment in spreadsheets is worth the cost savings over the software.
Small businesses will likely prefer a cloud-based option that offers a subscription-based pricing model. These have low costs of entry and let the business pay on a monthly basis–putting them in more control of their use of the software and giving them the freedom to opt-out at any time.
Most basic accounting software will have a simple inventory tool, primarily used for inventory costing and simple stock count tracking. If your retail management system or POS software includes accounting, it may also include this functionality. For most small businesses, this satisfies their inventory requirement. Businesses looking for something standalone may want to look for a solution that can integrate with other popular accounting solutions.
A growing retail business or a retail business that has a handful of locations will usually have more complex inventory needs. These locations may share inventory and require items to be sent back and forth to different locations depending on availability and current demand. Likewise, these stores may share a centralized warehouse location and will need to know how many specific products are in stock at the warehouse so two locations do not accidentally sell the same item.
Retailers of this size may also require different items for different departments. Classifying inventory into various subcategories can help expedite the products getting to the correct location when they are required at an individual store. These types of systems may be able to include a matrix that tracks items by color, style, size, and more–something that is commonly needed in the apparel industry.
A large retail operation may have started small and grown to where they are today. In this scenario, they likely have a framework in place and have already made a substantial investment into their point of sale or accounting systems. This type of business should focus on finding a standalone solution that can integrate into their existing software environment. The features included in a standalone solution include inventory optimization, stock control, and demand planning–letting your business not be held back by the limits of your ERP system.
Alternatively, a large retail operation can consider a fully-integrated suite, which includes everything your retail business needs to survive–including retail inventory. These solutions will typically integrate accounting, point of sale, purchase orders, inventory, and more.
Larger retailers may also benefit through the use of multi-channel eCommerce software, which allows them to advertise their products and services on their online stores across a variety of websites, such as Amazon, eBay, and more. This type of software works best for a retail business that works in both brick and mortar and online sales. The use of an eCommerce software, or a retail management system with eCommerce functionality, will allow your business to streamline online advertising, target different demographics by channel, reach new audiences through social sharing, and sell products on multiple platforms.
When it comes to retail inventory, a multichannel eCommerce software will automatically update item quantities on your marketplace postings. If your items are advertised on a number of websites, the system will automatically sync with them to ensure stockouts or overselling.
The cost of retail inventory software starts at $19/month to $300/month for cloud-based options on a subscription-based pricing model. Locally hosted (on-premise) options can be bought outright–starting from $695/one-time to $2,500/one-time. The cost of the software will be dependent on the number of required users, the number of included features, and whether or not it is a standalone retail inventory solution or a part of larger retail management software or ERP system.
Common cost factors with retail inventory management software include: