Seed-to-Sale Tracking Compliance By State

Last Updated: February 27th, 2023
Researched and Written by: Katherine Boehm

Every year In the United States, more states are ending marijuana prohibition. However, marijuana is still illegal on a federal level, so these states require extensive record-keeping and reporting.

All licensed recreational cannabis establishments must use a seed-to-sale tracking system. Also called “track-and-trace,” these systems track the cannabis life cycle from seed germination to product sales, and monitor compliance with state regulations.

Seed-to-sale systems contracted by state governments

Software Compliance by State

Each state with legal medical or adult-use marijuana has a contracted software system they use to monitor compliance of all marijuana establishments in the state. The table below contains the link for each state’s cannabis regulatory agency, each state’s legal status, and the seed-to-sale software currently contracted with the state.

State Legal Status Software
Alabama Medical Metrc
Alaska Medical & Recreational Metrc
Arizona Medical & Recreational Undefined
Arkansas Medical BioTrackTHC
California Medical & Recreational Metrc
Colorado Medical & Recreational Metrc
Connecticut Medical & Recreational BioTrackTHC
D.C. Medical & Recreational Metrc
Delaware Medical BioTrackTHC
Guam Medical & Recreational Metrc
Florida Medical BioTrackTHC
Georgia Medical (Low THC oil only) No Licensed Dispensaries
Hawaii Medical BioTrackTHC
Idaho Illegal
Illinois Medical & Recreational BioTrackTHC
Indiana Illegal
Iowa Medical Undefined
Kansas Illegal
Kentucky Illegal
Louisiana Medical Metrc
Maine Medical & Recreational Metrc
Maryland Medical & Recreational (7/1/23) Metrc
Massachusetts Medical & Recreational Metrc
Michigan Medical & Recreational Metrc
Minnesota Medical Metrc
Mississippi Medical Metrc
Missouri Medical & Recreational Metrc
Montana Medical & Recreational Metrc
Nebraska Illegal
Nevada Medical & Recreational Metrc
New Hampshire Medical BioTrackTHC
New Jersey Medical & Recreational Metrc
New Mexico Medical & Recreational BioTrackTHC
New York Medical & Recreational BioTrackTHC
North Carolina Illegal
North Dakota Medical BioTrackTHC
Ohio Medical Metrc
Oklahoma Medical Metrc
Oregon Medical & Recreational Metrc
Pennsylvania Medical Leaf Data Systems
Puerto Rico Medical BioTrackTHC
Rhode Island Medical & Recreational Metrc
South Carolina Illegal
South Dakota Medical Metrc
Tennessee Illegal
Texas Medical Undefined
Utah Medical Leaf Data Systems
Vermont Medical & Recreational Trace
Virginia Medical BioTrackTHC
Washington Medical & Recreational Leaf Data Systems
West Virginia Medical Metrc
Wisconsin Illegal
Wyoming Illegal

What Is Seed-To-Sale Tracking?

Seed-to-sale tracking manages every stage of recreational cannabis cultivation, from the seed germination to sold products. This system helps legal marijuana businesses track production, sales, and compliance with state regulations.

The cannabis product life cycle starts with planting, then harvesting, testing, processing, packaging, and finally selling. Marijuana plants receive an RFID or barcode tag during early growth and are tracked with this tag throughout their lifecycle. Growers refine cannabis plants to create different products, so tracking the plant from seed to final product can be complex.

Each stage of the product life cycle compiles hundreds of data points that are not only helpful for monitoring cannabis business efficiency but are mandatory for government accountability.

Marijuana operations must send data from seed-to-sale systems in daily reports to the state’s cannabis regulatory body. This government agency monitors compliance, collects taxes, verifies product quality, and ensures that every gram is fully legal at every stage of the product life cycle.

Specialized seed-to-sale software can streamline this complex reporting and compliance process and make it easier to stay up-to-date with regulations. Seed-to-sale software sends data in real-time to state-contracted systems and also offers predictive analytics and tools for dispensary POS systems.

The Importance of Compliance for Cannabis Businesses

Because of marijuana’s federal prohibition in the United States, states require legal cannabis businesses to create and keep extensive records and reports. Therefore, maintaining compliance is a vital component of retaining cannabis business licenses and permits, without which their companies couldn’t legally function.

Compliance reporting helps state governments differentiate between legal and illegal markets and ensures that legal marijuana isn’t being sold on the black market. Also, tracking legal marijuana products helps state regulators recall unsafe products.

Without proper compliance and reporting, cannabis operations can face hefty fines and even the loss of their entire business. Since the legal cannabis industry is in its infancy, rules and regulations are constantly changing. Seed-to-sale software keeps track of these evolving regulations to help legal marijuana businesses remain compliant.

Cannabis growing operations have limits on the number of plants they can grow, and seed-to-sale systems track plants and report the numbers to state regulatory bodies.

It is important to note that every state has its own rules for cannabis cultivation, sales, and reporting methods. Check with your state’s cannabis regulatory agency to learn the required tracking systems.

The Seed-to-Sale Software Market

As states adopt legalization for both medical and recreational marijuana, the seed-to-sale software market is growing alongside the legal cannabis market. As a result, by 2028, the global cannabis software market is on track to be worth 3,617.07 Million.

Within the 43 U.S. states and territories where cannabis is legal in some capacity, these four systems control the seed-to-sale software market: Metrc, BioTrack, Leaf Data Systems, and Trace. Metrc comes in first, holding roughly 53% of the market share. Coming in second is BioTrack with 28% of the market share, then Leaf Data Systems with 7%, and Trace with 2% (Vermont only).

Check out some of the top seed-to-sale software systems:

Metrc Screenshot
Price Range
   $     $     $     $     $   
   $     $     $     $     $   
Starting Price
Client OS
What We Like
Efficient tracking using RFID
Real-time inventory management
Compliance with state regulations
What We Don’t Like
Limited data analytics
High time investment for data entry
Does not cover all states/territories
BioTrackTHC Screenshot
Price Range
   $     $     $     $     $   
   $     $     $     $     $   
Starting Price
Client OS
Cloud or On-Premises
What We Like
Integration with accounting systems
Offers over 100 customizable reports
Advanced seed-to-sale tracking
What We Don’t Like
Some users report inefficiencies in the traceability workflow and complexity
Some users face challenges getting locked out after software updates
MJ Freeway
MJ Freeway Screenshot
Client OS
Cloud Hosted
What We Like
Integration capabilities eliminates the need for multiple solutions.
Links user accounts across different store locations
Meets state compliance requirements
What We Don’t Like
Accounting and ERP functionality is rather basic
Users have reported frequent crashes and glitches
Pricing information not available from the developer
Nugistics Screenshot
Price Range
   $     $     $     $     $   
   $     $     $     $     $   
Starting Price
Client OS
Cloud Hosted
Canix Screenshot
Price Range
   $     $     $     $     $   
   $     $     $     $     $   
Starting Price
Client OS
Windows, macOS, iOS, Android, Web
Cloud Hosted
What We Like
Customizable reporting
Hardware integrations (RFID)
Has Metrc integration and compliance tools
What We Don’t Like
More expensive than similar systems
Agrisoft Screenshot
Client OS
Cloud Hosted
What We Like
Compliance Assistance to adhere to state cannabis regulations
Offers forecasting, production and demand planning
Robust security protocols like encryption and multi-factor authentication
What We Don’t Like
Requires consult call for pricing
Limited inventory for large cultivators
Ample Organics
Ample Organics Screenshot
Client OS
Cloud Hosted


Q: Do all legal marijuana businesses require seed-to-sale software?
A: No. Not all businesses that grow marijuana are required to implement seed-to-sale software. Though, if they do use software, they are often required to use the software chosen by their state government or a software that integrates with the state-approved software. Check your state’s cannabis regulatory agency for specific rules regarding software use.

Q: Do medical marijuana businesses require seed-to-sale tracking?
A: No. Not all states require medical marijuana businesses to use seed-to-sale tracking. However, some states with both recreational and medical marijuana require seed-to-sale tracking for medical marijuana businesses. Check your state’s cannabis regulatory agency for specific rules.

Talk with a software advisor
Talk with an advisor
Get a free consultation from an independent software expert.
Or, call toll-free: (800) 827-1151
Talk with a software advisor
Talk with an advisor